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How to correctly identify true and false honey

by nadlia
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LThis article is the identification method written by Zhihu Lisa’s honey. The address of the original post is at the end of the article (please indicate the original source for reprinting). If you want to know more about other people’s methods, you can click to have a look.

Before learning how to identify, let’s take a look at the process of collecting honey

At the beginning, the honey collected by bees flying out of the hive cannot be called honey, but can only be called nectar. The water content of nectar is very high. At this time, the Baume degree is about 35 degrees. (At this time, trace elements and Martian enzymes are mixed into the bees), fan the wings, evaporate the water, and after about 5 to 15 days of brewing, when the bees feel that they can no longer evaporate, the bees will spit out beeswax and seal the hive of the hexagonal grid. Covered, this is what we call ripe honey.

▼ Preliminary preparations: Spray smoke so that bees are not so easy to approach.

Shake the honey

Shake the honey

▼ After the honeycomb is sealed, cut the covered honeycomb with a knife.

Cutting a beehive

Cutting a beehive

▼Put it in the honey shaker bucket, shake the honey, and shake out the honey in the hive.

Shake the honey

Shake the honey

▼ Filter 2 to 3 times with a clean strainer to remove beeswax residue and bee skin.

Honey filtration

Honey filtration

▼ Get fresh honey!

Honey

Honey

The confrontation between a certain brick and Lisa’s honey

Brickman: Use chopsticks to insert into the honey and pull it out. It can draw filaments and flow continuously. The top shrinks into a spherical shape, which is real honey; The honey that is not easy to penetrate is real honey, and the honey that can penetrate may be fake honey.

Lisa’s honey: First, as the temperature rises, the viscosity of honey will decrease, and the Baume degree of honey is most affected by temperature. When the temperature rises, the Baume degree becomes smaller; and when the temperature drops, Baume is getting bigger! This is why in summer, honey will become thinner, and at this time, the wire drawing method is not applicable at all. The correct temperature for using the wire drawing method is 20 degrees, and if the temperature is too high, it will not be able to be pulled up! And this can only judge the approximate thickness of honey, not true or false.

Let’s talk about the honey dripping on the paper. I have already mentioned the honey collection process. According to the standard concentration, the temperature is 20 degrees Celsius. The first-level Baume degree: above 42 degrees, and the water content is 19%; the second-level Baume degree: 41 Above 100°C, the water content is 21%; the third-level Baume degree: 40 degrees, the water content is 23%; the fourth-level Baume degree: 39 degrees, the water content is 25% You know! Even if the Baume degree reaches 42 degrees, 19% of the water droplets will penetrate the paper quickly, which only shows that the honey Baume degree is not high enough, and the water content is high, and the reason for the high water content is related to the time of brewing nectar and the local weather. , humidity, nectar plant itself, region and so on. On the contrary, the concentrated honey will be thicker in summer and winter, and the drawing effect is also very good, and it will not penetrate when dripped on the paper, but such processed concentrated honey loses the nutritional value of honey, which makes me suspicious. Are the bricklayers of this detection method advertising the concentrated honey from the factory?

Bricks: The color of real honey is generally water white, extra white, white, extra light amber, light amber, amber, dark, etc., and fake honey is golden yellow. Real honey is generally opaque, while fake honey is translucent.

Lisa’s Honey: How transparent the honey is depends on the source plant itself.

Brick House: The product has clear text labels, standardized printing, and the implementation standard is GB18796. The ingredients list only contains honey and no other ingredients. Generally, it is real honey. On the contrary, it is fake honey.

Lisa’s honey: The honey ingredient list in the supermarket only has honey, but those are not raw honey at all, but processed concentrated honey. Concentrated honey is obtained by concentrating pure honey with really high water content! Concentrated honey loses the original nutritional value of honey, so concentrated honey cannot be regarded as pure honey.

Bricks: Real honey has a corresponding natural floral fragrance and no extraneous fragrance; fake honey has no natural floral fragrance or fruity candy flavor. The real honey is sweet and palatable, with a slight sour taste, and the throat feels uncomfortable during swallowing; the fake honey is very sweet.

Lisa’s honey: sour honey is a little fermented honey with insufficient brewing time. Normal mature honey will not be sour (unless you wash it with boiling water), and it has the floral fragrance of the nectar source plant itself, except for some nectar source plants themselves It is sour, citrus honey and so on. The taste of honey depends on the source plant itself!

Zhuanjia: When the real honey is not crystallized, it tastes smooth and has no particles; the fake honey has particles in the taste. After real honey crystallizes, it crystallizes like cream, which is soft and easy to twist. Fake honey does not crystallize or crystallizes like sand after crystallization, which is not easy to twist.

Lisa’s honey: The following is an excerpt from Baidu Encyclopedia, Honey crystallization-diversity The diversity of honey crystallization means that the crystallization particles of honey have different thicknesses and soft and hard points. The national standard “Honey” of crystallized honey has different classifications such as coarse grain, slightly coarse grain, fine grain and fine grain. What we have observed in production practice is even more diverse, some grains are as thick as sand, and some are as delicate as fat. And the same grain is thick, tallow and loquat are tight, buckwheat and ground pepper are loose; the same is fine, acacia and wild osmanthus are thin and soft, and rapeseed and sweet potato are sticky. There is also a big difference in the hardness and softness of honey crystal grains. Twisted by hand, some are soft and slag-free, and some are hard and sandy and difficult to melt. If you taste it with your mouth, there are dense and waxy, and there are rough and rough mouth. But in general, the crystal grains of honey are more soft, and the sand is only a few phenomena. It must be mentioned that there are many books, periodicals and even TV programs that teach people to distinguish between true and false honey. They use honey to distinguish true and false by whether the honey is drawn or seeped through the paper; Crystallized honey, if there are refractory particles, it is mixed with (white sugar) honey, which is completely unscientific. This is the result unless the adulterant directly mixes the powdered sugar in the crystallized honey, but is this possible? The result of real adulterated honey or fake honey should be no crystallization or loose crystallization with low viscosity.

Easiest way to identify given by Lisa’s Honey

The two most correct ways to test pure honey without being able to taste and smell it yourself (or you can’t taste it or smell it) one is to add cold water to the honey, shake it vigorously, and make many small bubbles Soak is real honey. The second is to wash the honey with 100-degree hot water. All the real honey will be slightly sour after washing (not the kind that is very sour), while the fake honey will not change.

Comparison of true and false honey
Lisa’s honey bought 9.9 yuan free shipping jujube honey online (picture on the left) and made a comparison with the jujube honey from her bee farm, so that everyone can understand the difference more clearly.

Let’s talk about the smell first. The jujube nectar in the picture on the left tastes like the jujube-flavored food on the market when it is opened. To be precise, it is the flavor of jujube essence. Everyone is used to this taste and it is easier for you to accept it. The jujube honey in the picture on the right has a very strong and indescribable smell when it is opened. In fact, it is the smell of jujube trees. Some people who are not used to smelling it may find it a bit smelly.
So, isn’t jujube honey the smell of red dates? No, because jujube flowers collected for honey are not used to produce jujubes.

▼ 9.9 The jujube honey with free shipping is bright in color, but the jujube honey in the bee farm is not so bright

▼ Pour the same amount of honey into the mineral water bottle, then add the same amount of cold water

Distinguish between real and fake honey

Distinguish between real and fake honey

▼ After shaking vigorously

Distinguish between real and fake honey

Distinguish between real and fake honey

▼ Honey that has just come to rest. It can be seen that the 9.9 yuan free shipping jujube honey has only a small amount of foam, while the pure jujube honey has a layer of white foam.

Distinguish between real and fake honey

Distinguish between real and fake honey

▼ After standing still for 10 seconds

Distinguish between real and fake honey

Distinguish between real and fake honey

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